1. One of them has to do with the fact that Japanese people would usually be employed for his or her entire lifetime. When you are about to spend thirty to forty years working with your coworkers, you would want to establish good relationships with them.
2. The second reason has to do with the fact that every aspect of the employee’s work is regulated in a typical Japanese company. Talking with your colleagues at work is considered as shigo (private talk) and should be kept to a minimum. Drinking after work allows them to build a relationship as it won’t disturb their work during the day.
3. The third reason is because… free drink or meal! Joshi (bosses) and senpai (seniors) would invite the buka (team) or kohai (juniors) to dinner or drink so that they had the opportunity to talk about issues at work.
4. Finally, many Japanese believed that they must drink to work their way up the corporate ladder. Many of the older generation workers considered this to be a normal way of doing business and admitted that they benefited from this. However, corporate life and culture have changed a lot in the recent past. The work environment is becoming more flexible and career changes are more common. Younger generation workers tend to spend less time with their coworkers and focus more on their personal life (outside of work). One benefit that I see from this culture is the opportunity to make good friends with coworkers, something which I don’t see as much in the US because the culture is more individualistic. Enkai While nomikai is a Japanese drinking party that is just for fun, enkai have a few more rules. There will be food and drink and a more relaxed atmosphere, but it is still an extension of work. People usually leave by 9PM or 10PM, unless the hosts would invite the remaining few to a nijikai (after party). Wherever they would for the nijikai, the night always ends with a bowl of ramen. There are many types of enkai, but essentially, they are a chance for an employee to make deeper relationships with the coworkers and to be truly accepted as part of the team.
· Nomikai (during weekday)
· Nomikai (during weekend)
· Bounenkai (year-end party)
· Christmas Party
· Shinenkai (New Year’s party)
· Kangeikai (welcome party)
· Soubetsukai (leaving party)
· Kansoukangeikai (end of season party)
· Joshikai (women-only party)So, before we hit that izakaya (bar), what are the types of drinks available in Japan?
· Nihonshu / Sake – The most common drink in Japan, nihonshu is a strong rice wine more commonly known as sake. Commonly 15% in alcohol content, it is made by fermenting rice with water, yeast and a mold known as koji.
· Beer – I’m sure we’d be familiar with the big Japanese brewers such as Asahi, Kirin, and Sapporo. However, craft beers have been growing and providing us with really interesting products such as beer with umami flavor.
· Shochu – Somewhat like the common vodka. While nihonshu is made by fermentation, shochu is made by distillation. It is primarily made with potatoes, but can also be made with rice, barley, buckwheat and many other starchy items. Like vodka, it is quite stronger than nihonshu.
· Umeshu – For those of you who like sweeter drinks, umeshu is the way to go. It is a relatively weak plum wine, generally drunk in small glasses due to the high sugar content.
· Whisky – Japanese whiskey has been gaining more popularity recently, winning several global awards. Some popular whiskey distillaries are Hibiki, Nikka, and Yamazaki. Many Japanese like to combine whiskey with carbonated water, calling them highballs. Doing so brings out some flavors from the whiskey.
- Chuhai – Like whiskey highballs, chuhai is a mix of shochu and carbonated water, traditionally flavored with. Modern commercial variants use vodka in place of shochu.
- Don’t pour your own drink! Always pour for others around you and then wait for them to return the favor. While there is no hierarchy with friends, when out with coworkers it is expected that you would pour a drink for your boss.
- Don’t drink before everyone has been served! Make sure to wait until everyone has something in their glass before you drink.
- Kanpai! You should also make sure to say kanpai and clink your glass with your coworkers or bosses.
- Order the same on the first round
- Don’t drink from the bottle